Medicine in Indiana

Medical Schools in Indiana

Indiana's first state constitution provided for the establishment of a state medical school in Vincennes.   It was not until 1903 that a serious effort to establish a public medical school resulted in the Indiana University School of Medicine.

The following is a list of the 24 medical schools chartered in Indiana between 1806-1906:

  • 1833 The Christian College at New Albany, chartered by John C. Bennett and Associates
  • 1837-1838 Vincennes University Medical Department
  • 1841-1856 La Porte University School of Medicine.  Became Indiana Medical College in 1846
  • 1849-1854 Medical College of Evansville. Suspended in 1854, reorganized in 1871, extinct in 1884
  • 1849-1852 Indiana Central Medical College, Indianapolis. The Medical Department of Asbury College (now DePauw University)
  • 1869-1878 Indiana Medical College, Indianapolis
  • 1873-1909 Physiomedical College of Indiana, Indianapolis
  • 1874-1878 College of Physicians and Surgeons of Indiana, Indianapolis
  • 1876-1883 The Medical College of Fort Wayne
  • 1878-1905 The Medical College of Indiana, formed by union of Indiana Medical College (1869-1878, see above) and the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Indiana (1874-1878, see above), Indianapolis
  • 1878-1888 Indiana College of Medicine and Midwifery, Indianapolis
  • 1879-1905 Central College of Physicians and Surgeons, Indianapolis
  • 1879-1905 Fort Wayne College of Medicine
  • 1880-1890 Indiana Eclectic Medical College, Indianapolis
  • 1881-1900 Curtis Physiomedical Institute, Marion
  • 1882-1886 Hospital Medical College of Evansville
  • 1883-1886 Beach Medical College, Indianapolis
  • 1890-1894 Eclectic College of Physicians and Surgeons, Indianapolis
  • 1894-1897 American Medical College of Indianapolis
  • 1897-1898 The University of Medicine, Indianapolis
  • 1900-1908 Eclectic Medical College of Indiana, Indianapolis
  • 1901-1918 Valparaiso University School of Medicine.  Connection with the 1920-22 Chicago College of Medicine and Surgery, Chicago, and later with the Hahnemann Medical College of Chicago
  • 1903- Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Bloomington,  Evansville, Fort Wayne, Lafayette, Northwest (Gary), Notre Dame, Terre Haute
  • 1905-1908 Indiana Medical College, The School of Medicine of Purdue University,  Lafayette
  • 1906-1908 State College of Physicians and Surgeons, Indianapolis

Sources of information about the history of medicine in Indiana

  • Encyclopedia of Indianapolis edited by David J.Bodenhamer and Robert G. Barrows, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1994-various articles on medical topics
  • "Practicing Medicine Along the Indiana Frontier" by Nancy Eckerman in AB Bookman's Weekly (April 13, 1992) v.89, pp. 39-44
  • The History of Medical Education in Indiana by Burton D. Myers Indiana University Press Bloomington IN, 1956
  • A Medical History of the State of Indiana by G. W. H.(General William Harrison) Kemper (image) American Medical Association Press, 1911
  • Indiana University, 1820-1920: Centennial Memorial Volume Bloomington, Ind., Indiana University, 1921.
  • One Hundred Years of Indiana Medicine 1849-1949. Published in connection with the centennial of the Indiana State Medical Association. Prepared under the directions of Charles N. Combs and Edgar F. Kiser Dorothy Russo editor, {Indiana Medical Association, Indianapolis?}, 1949
  • The Midwest Pioneer and His Ills, Cures, & Doctors by Madge E. Pickard and R. Carlyle Buley, Crawfordsville, Ind., R. E. Banta, 1945.
  • "Ills, Cures, and Doctors" in The Old Northwest Pioneer Period 1815-1840 by R. Carlyle Buley Indianapolis, Indiana Historical Society, 1950.
  • History of the Medical Campus, Indianapolis, Indiana by Thurman B. Rice published serially January 1947-December 1948 in the Monthly Bulletin of the Indiana State Board of Health
  • One Hundred Years of Medicine: Indianapolis, 1820-1920 by Thurman B. Rice published serially in the January 1949-December 1952 in the Monthly Bulletin of the Indiana State Board of Health
  • The IU Physician Indiana University School of Medicine. Indianapolis, Indiana University School of Medicine, 1978?
  • The Journals of William A. Lindsay: an ordinary nineteenth century physician's surgical cases edited by Katherine Mandusic McDonell, Indianapolis, Indiana Historical Society, 1989
  • Indiana University Medical Center, 1903-1993 by Walter J. Daly New York, Newcomen Society of the United States, 1993.
  • McDonell, Katherine Mandusic Medicine in Antebellum Indiana: Conflict, Conservatism, and Change Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society, 1984
  • Young, James Harvey "Two Gentlemen from Indiana" in The Medical Messiahs Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1967. Pp.217-238.

(Taken from The History of Medical Education in Indiana by Burton D. Myers, Indiana University Press, Bloomington IN 1956)  
Copyright © 1996, Trustees of Indiana University.

Where journal articles about the medical history of Indiana have appeared

  • Indiana Medicine and its predecessors
  • Journal of the Indiana Medical Association
  • Transactions of the Indiana State Medical Society
  • Indiana Magazine of History and its predecessor
  • Indiana Quarterly Magazine of History
  • Indiana Medical History Quarterly

Please check the appropriate indexes for citations.

Can you add to the record of Indiana's medical history?

  • Information about any medical school in Indiana
  • Information about 19th century physicians in Indiana. Biographies are available in the 19th Century Indiana Physicians Biographical Database administered by the Special Collections of the Ruth Lilly Medical Library of the Indiana University School of Medicine.
  • Quotes from diaries and letters about medicine in Indiana.

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